BRUSSELS: EU leaders suspended a summit on Monday after they failed to agree who should fill the bloc’s top jobs, with divisions over the marquee role of European Commission president as entrenched as ever after some 20 hours of talks.
France, Germany and Spain proposed Dutch socialist Frans Timmermans as the next head of the European Union executive, but as diplomats signalled he was close to getting the nod, Italy and eastern European nations turned him down.
The inability to reach agreement in negotiations that ran through the night reflects the bloc’s deepening political fragmentation and underlined problems that have grown as the bloc has expanded in reaching a common position on issues from migration to climate change.
It prompted an angry response from French President Emmanuel Macron who returned to Paris shortly after the talks were abruptly called off until Tuesday morning, branding the breakdown a “failure”.
“It’s a very bad image for both the European Council and for Europe,” Macron told reporters.
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said he felt “enormous frustration” at the absence of a deal.
While mathematically Timmermans had the support to secure the nomination, there was concern the scale of opposition would make for too toxic a political mix for the bloc to digest, officials and diplomats said.
It is highly unusual for summit talks to run into a third day, and the current negotiations mark what is already the third attempt to fill the post of Commission president for the next five years, along with four other senior roles including European Central Bank head.
Macron said there could be no further EU enlargement without reforms that permitted it to function smoothly, in comments marking a potential major setback for the membership hopes of North Macedonia, Albania and other Balkan states.
Timmermans’ nomination was also deeply unpopular with the centre-right leaders sitting with the European People’s Party (EPP) group.
The EPP has the most lawmakers in the European Parliament but, following a continent-wide election in May that left the legislature fragmented, lacks the majority it would have needed to push through its candidate for Commission head, German conservative Manfred Weber.
The EPP rebellion underlined how weakened German Chancellor Angela Merkel, whose Christian Democrat party belongs to the EPP group but who had agreed to support the Dutchman as a compromise candidate, has become as she prepares to hand over to her successor.
Merkel was more conciliatory than Macron, saying the EU’s biggest members could not ignore the views of its smaller nations.
“To vote against the whole (Visegrad) group and then a country like Italy, that would be really difficult,” Merkel told a news conference in Brussels after the talks were suspended.