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The world in 20 years

Minds that have reshaped the world in recent years, based on advancements in different fields like sciences and economics, have forecasted what the world would look like in 2030s and 2040s.

Flying cars in the sky, 3D printed organs and memory implants for prisoners to serve maximum sentences in a day – these are not sci-fi plots but possibilities that may very well be part of the world 20 years from now.

The future has never been a mystery. It is the very present we live in that defines the imminent. With 26 months left before the world enters a whole new decade, minds that have reshaped the world in recent years, based on advancements in different fields like sciences and economics, have forecasted what the world would look like in 2030s and 2040s.

Here’s a list of things compiled from various sources based on claims made by researchers for the world two decades from now.

India to become the most populous country on Earth

According to India Times, at the end of the next decade, in 2030, India is projected to have 1.5 billion people beating China’s population. The forecast expects the figure to balloon to 1.7 billion by 2050, says UN.

In 2030, India is projected to have a population of 1.5 billion. Photo: AFP

Surgeons reroute nerves to enable paralysed people to use their hands

A pioneering surgical technique has restored some hand and arm movement to patients immobilised by spinal cord injuries in the neck. The technique is expected to improve to its best by 2030.

A surgical technique has restored some hand and arm movement to patients with spinal injuries. Photo: Think Stock

US dominance will be over, and there will be a handful of global powers with imperial capabilities

Power will be more widely distributed across non-state networks, including regressive ones. According to Forbes, mega-cities and their peripheries will exert ever greater influence. Powers that will include China, Russia, India and Japan will continue to dominate economically as well.

20 biggest economies in 2030. Photo: Reddit

Over 20% of all new constructions will be ‘printed’ buildings

Additive manufacturing or 3D printing – the process of fabricating solid objects from digital models has been around for three decades. The advancements being made in the field will lead to a majority of 3D printed buildings by 2030.

3D printing is getting popular everyday. Photo: Gulf News

Artificial blood produced of stem cells will hit the market

Researchers using early-stage stem cells, known as immortal cells, have grown billions of red blood cells – artificial blood. The new technique could one day be used to help patients with rare blood types, the researchers say.

The new technique could one day be used to help patients with rare blood types. Photo: Telegraph

Protein injections will be used to reverse the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes

According to Fox News, when mice with the human equivalent of Type 2 diabetes were injected with the protein FGF1, their blood sugar levels returned to normal over two days. Just one injection of the protein both regulated these levels and even helped reverse the underlying cause of diabetes. The cure is expected to improve and become fully practical by 2030.

Injections will be used for reversing the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes. Photo: iStock

Flying cars of different brands to dominate the skies

With skies around the globe already set to be abuzz with driverless flying cars within months, the growth in flying cars popularity is expected to reach a new boom by the end of the next decade.

The growth in flying cars popularity is expected to reach a new boom by 2030. Photo: Reuters

World population forecasted to reach 8.5 billion in 10 years

The current world population of 7.6 billion is expected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100, according to a new United Nations report. With roughly 83 million people being added to the world’s population every year, the upward trend in population size is expected to continue.

The current world population of 7.6 billion is expected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030. Photo: Reuters

3D printers to create fully functional organs

A printable organ is an artificially constructed device produced using 3D printing techniques, used in transplantation. While the research is currently being conducted on artificial heart, kidney, and liver structures, as well as other major organs, fully functional organs are forecasted to facilitate the people by the year 2030, owing to the advancements being made every day.

Fully functional 3D printed organs are forecasted to facilitate people by the year 2030. Photo: Business Insider

Memory implants to speed-up time for prisoners allowing them to serve maximum sentences in a day

According to Business Insider, scientists have claimed that in the future, biotechnology including memory implants could be used to trick a prisoner s mind into thinking they have served a 1,000-year sentence. A second scenario could be to upload human minds to computers to speed up the rate at which the mind works.

Biotechnology including memory implants could be used to trick a prisoner’s mind into thinking they have served a 1,000-year sentence. Photo: Human Connectome Project

Parts of Middle East and Africa may become uninhabitable due to extreme temperatures

New research shows that temperatures are set to shoot up in parts of the Middle East and Africa, making human habitation next to impossible. Researchers say that in the region home to 500 million people extreme temperatures could trigger a climate-exodus of epic proportions.

Due to rising temperatures, human habitation may be next to impossible in parts of Middle East and Africa. Photo: Imgur

Limited resources and climate change to cause unprecedented epidemic of food riots

With the global demand for food on the rise, our society could collapse as soon as in 2040 due to fatal food shortages, researchers have warned. According to a report from Lloyds of London prepared with the help of Anglia Ruskin University’s Global Sustainability Institute, “the global food system is under chronic pressure to meet an ever-rising demand, and its vulnerability to acute disruptions is compounded by factors such as climate change, water stress, ongoing globalization and heightening political instability.”

Our society could collapse as soon as in 2040 due to fatal food shortages. Photo: AFP

The world may have its first space elevator

Researchers heading into space in the not-too-distant future could be travelling by elevator rather than rocket if Japanese construction giant Obayashi Corporation has its way. The company announced two years ago that it has the capacity to build a 36,000 km tall space elevator — and have it up and running by the year 2050.

A design model of ThothX Tower, a 20 km high space elevator. Photo: Reuters space elevator. Photo: Reuters

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